If Your Hormones Are Out Of Whack Because Of...Thyroid Disease
1. You Poop a Lot More (or Less)
If you notice you’re suddenly constipated or you’re pooping all the damn time, it could be related to either hypothyroidism (not enough thyroid hormones) or hyperthyroidism (too much). “This isn’t, ‘I’ve always been constipated since I was 15,’” says Dr Kathleen Figaro, an endocrinologist in Bettendorf, Iowa. “It’s more, ‘I was doing quite well and all of a sudden I’m constipated.’” That's because your thyroid hormones can make your organs operate more quickly (hyperthyroidism) or more slowly (hypothyroidism) when they get screwy.
2. Your Eyes Look Bigger
If anyone ever tells you that your eyes look bigger or that it looks like you’re staring (like, all the time), it may be a sign of the most common form of hyperthyroidism, the autoimmune disorder Graves disease, says Figaro. Your eyes appear larger because your eyelids are elevated, since tissues behind the eye are inflamed.
3. Your Hair Stops Growing
If your hair feels coarser or you have less of it anywhere on your body—including your head—it could be a sign of hypothyroidism, since thyroid hormones are in charge of hair growth, says Figaro.
4. You Forget Things
While brain fog is a well-known symptom of hypothyroidism, poor short-term memory can also be a warning sign. Why? Low thyroid hormone levels control the brain’s metabolism—and slower brain function affects your ability to pay attention in the moment and make memories, says Figaro.
5. Your Skin Is Dry
Flaky, dry skin can also be a sign of hypothyroidism, says Figaro. When you’re producing less thyroid hormone, it slows down your skin’s metabolism, too—which means it produces less of the oils that keep you moist.
If Your Hormones Are out Of Whack Because Of...Diabetes
6. You're Getting a Lot of Yeast Infections
If you’re dealing with a lot more yeast infections than usual, it may be related to diabetes, which messes with your levels of the hormone insulin, says Figaro. Diabetes raises your blood glucose levels—and the fungi causing these infections love sugars. Figaro says that diabetes is often asymptomatic and can go on for years without anyone picking up on it. “There are over 30 million people who have diabetes and don’t know it,” she says. And that’s why it’s important to share your family history with your doctor. If you have a genetic risk, eating well can definitely lower or increase your odds of getting it.
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7. You're Peeing a Ton
If you find you’re suddenly peeing 24/7, it may be related to high levels of blood glucose because your pancreas is not functioning properly due to diabetes, says Figaro. Your kidneys work overtime to expel the excess sugar, making you have to tinkle more often.
If Your Hormones Are Out Of Whack Because Of...Pregnancy
8. Your Gums Bleed More Than Usual
Gums bleeding way more often? Could be pregnancy. Soon after conception, progesterone levels increase dramatically to keep your body from rejecting the pregnancy. Progesterone, in turn, increases blood flow and causes your body to retain water everywhere—including your gums, which become puffy and more prone to bleeding. That’s why it’s all the more important to brush, floss, and see your dentist regularly when you’re expecting. If you notice your gums continue to bleed after you’re done brushing, talk to your doctor, says Dr Ashlesha Dayal, a high-risk ob-gyn at Montefiore Medical Center.
9. Your Feet Are Bigger
You can blame the increased progesterone of pregnancy again, since it helps loosen up your ligaments (including those in your feet!) in preparation for delivery, says Dayal. Worth noting: There's no research definitively indicating that this is why many women claim to go up a shoe size when they're knocked up, Dayal notes.
10. You Have a Metallic Taste in Your Mouth
Thank another hormone that’s boosted by pregnancy: HcG (or human chorionic gonadotropin), which the embryo starts producing after implantation. Higher levels of HcG cause nausea and vomiting—which can change your sense of taste and lead to that notorious metallic sensation in your mouth, says Dayal. To calm nausea, she suggests opting for homeopathic cures, like ginger (you can boil the root to make tea). Lemon water, she says, can also help get rid of that metallic taste.
11. You Notice Dark Spots
Dark patches of skin (known as melasma) on your cheeks, breasts, and elsewhere is a side effect of the increased estrogen in your body when you’re expecting, says Dayal. Estrogen ups your levels of the skin pigment melanin.
The bottom line: What’s important, stresses Figaro, is to know your body. “Changes come and go,” she says. “But if you notice a new, persistent symptom, it’s a sign that something’s changed.” If you think something warrants a doctor’s attention, Figaro says it’s essential to keep track of changes in your body over time, noting frequency, severity, and timing. That way your doctor can identify if there’s an issue and order up any necessary tests.