Anti-pollution skin care may not be a new concept, but increased attention on the poor air quality in countries like China and India, together with rising global contamination levels, have pushed it squarely into the spotlight. “We’re constantly learning about how higher levels of ‘ambient particulate matter’ affect our skin,” explains Elizabeth Arden’s consulting dermatologist Dr Dendy Engelman. And with the world’s population and industrialisation steadily increasing, this is more than a fleeting fad.
The harmful effects of pollution
“Air pollution is the next UV – traffic pollution is emerging as one of the most toxic substances for the skin,” says Belinda Besant, La Prairie’s Training Manager (other skin-damaging pollutants include particulate matter, smoke, surface ozone or smog, and nitrogen oxide gas from burning fuel).
Prolonged or repetitive exposure to pollution harms the skin in a myriad of ways: it can lead to a decrease in collagen levels, trigger inflammation, and tiny atmospheric particles can ignite melanocytes, with the cheeks and forehead often showing the first signs of hyperpigmentation.
“The pollutants we encounter every day are largely inescapable, and particulate matter can attach to the skin,” says Besant. As the skin barrier becomes weakened, it can take years to start seeing an effect – but it will happen.
Pollution damage control
Follow these skin care steps to fight the effects of pollution.
Cleanse: Do this as soon as you get home in the evening (diligent nightly cleansing is important because pollutants and toxins can easily get into pores, says Dr Engelman) and look for a cleanser “that removes impurities without stripping the skin of the natural oils that form a protective barrier”, suggests Besant. Try La Prairie Foam Cleanser.
Detox: Use an exfoliating cleanser like Dermalogica Daily Superfoliant a few times per week, or a mask like Sukin Anti-Pollution Facial Masque every week, to help remove the pollution particles and impurities that can lodge deep within the skin.
Treat: An antioxidant serum with ingredients like green tea, idebenone (a powerful cellular and environmental stress protectant) and vitamin C all help neutralise free radical damage caused by pollution. We recommend Dr Dennis Gross C+ Collagen Vitamin C Serum.
Hydrate and protect: “Sunscreen shields against UV rays, not pollution, so combine your SPF with powerful antioxidants to strengthen the skin,” suggests Besant. An antioxidant moisturiser defends against environmental stressors during the day and counteracts free radical damage at night. Try Elizabeth Arden Prevage City Smart Hydrating Shield and Blithe Tundra Chaga Pressed Serum. Daily sunscreen is also imperative (Engelman prefers those with physical blockers, like zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, as opposed to chemical SPF).
Thinking of moving?
Don’t pack your bags yet: Australia boasts the least polluted urban areas, according to the World Health Organisation.
Countries with the most polluted urban areas:
Countries with the least polluted urban areas:
3. New Zealand
How living in the city affects your skin
City living means increased exposure to pollution, and studies have shown that those in urban areas have more brown spots and wrinkles – but rural and coastal dwellers are also at risk. “Pollution levels are constantly changing, so even if it doesn’t seem like you have a high pollution level right now, it can change drastically from day to day,” explains Dr Engelman. Regardless of your location, your skin is your first line of defence, so a strong and healthy barrier is important to help your largest organ do its job.
3 more ways to defend your skin
#1 / “Anything that induces sweating, like saunas and exercise, can help detoxify the body from pollutants,” says Dr Engelman.
#2 / Eat antioxidant-rich foods like sweet potatoes, strawberries, and dark greens to boost your skin’s vitamin levels and help protect against pollutants.
#3 / Dermalogica’s website skinpollution.com can help you find out the real-time skin pollution index in your area.
This article originally appeared on BEAUTY/crew.